Squint or strabismus: Know the Symptoms, Treatment & Cost

Squint or strabismus is a condition where eyes don’t align together. This condition can be constant or intermittent and occurs because the muscles that control the movement of the eye, the eyelid, and the extraocular muscles are not working together properly. So, as a result, both eyes look in different locations at the same time and are unable to focus on anything. As a result, the person is unable to see clearly, commonly known as a lazy eye condition, and can be cured with proper treatment.

There are many causes of the squint condition but the most common is the weak eye muscles which cause the eyeball to hang out loosely and not get the treatment it requires. The other reasons include nerve conditions, cataracts, or weakness in the part of the brain that controls eye movements. Spectra eye is the leading eye hospital providing the best squint eye treatment in Mauritius.

Symptoms of Squint

The symptoms of squint are very difficult to detect. People often complain of vision problems when suffering from the squint. The main symptoms of squint are-

  1. Blurred vision
  2. The person might develop lazy eye, also known as amblyopia in which the brain ignores signals

Types of strabismus

There are different types of strabismus based on the cause or the way the eye turns. The various types of strabismus based on the position of the eye include-

  • Hypertropia- the upward turning of the eye
  • Hypotropia- the downward turning of the eye
  • Esotropia- the inward turning of the eye
  • Exotropia- outwards turning of the eye

An early diagnosis of strabismus can result in effective treatment as age increases, the treatment gets complex, and chances of squint eye treatment success vary.

Causes of Strabismus

There can be various causes of strabismus which may include-

  • Congenital means a person is born with it
  • Hereditary or it is running in families with a genetic link
  • Result of an illness, injury, or long-sightedness
  • Due to a lesion on a cranial nerve
  • Weak eye muscles
  • Damage to the eye muscles or nerves
  • Other common causes of squint can be cataracts, glaucoma, corneal scars, optic nerve, refractive errors, retinal disorders, etc.
  • Eye injury

Squint eye treatment test

The eye professionals run various tests to diagnose the condition of squint in the patients. The treatment test might include-

  • Retina and optic nerve test
  • Light test
  • Reading and matching pictures and letters
  • Looking at the visual targets at varying distances with one eye closely alternatively

Treatment options for the squint eye treatment

The different treatment options for the squint eye treatment include-

Glasses- if hypermetropia or far-sightedness is causing squint, then glasses will help to tackle the condition

Vision therapy- this help to enhance brain-eye coordination and increases muscle control to improve focus.

Botox/ botulinum toxin injection- Botox injections are injected into the muscle on the surface of the eye. They temporarily weaken the injected muscle, and this helps the eyes to align properly.

Surgery is considered when other treatments are not effective. It can realign the eyes and restore binocular vision as the surgeon moves the connecting muscles to a new position in the eye. In many cases, both eyes need to be treated to get the right alignment for proper vision. Surgery can straighten the eyes and rectify the alignment but, in most cases, vision therapy is needed to restore the complete vision of the patient.

People with high blood pressure cannot undergo squint surgical treatment. For kids, initially, vision therapy along with glasses are preferred and surgery is considered only when the kid gets a bit older. The success of the treatment depends if it is diagnosed and treated at an early stage of life or quite late with the condition worsening.

Risks associated with the squint eye treatment

Some risks and complications associated with squint condition are-

  • Blurred vision
  • Retinal detachment
  • Double vision errors
  • Infection after the surgery

Prevention from the condition of squint

The preventive measures for the condition of squint include-

  • Closing the eyes and resting after some sets of repetitions
  • Moving or rolling the eyes as far as possible upwards and to the right
  • Finding a point in vision to focus and count the breath

The squint eye treatment cost Mauritius is quite affordable at the Spectra eye hospital with premium squint eye treatment in adults.